Research Projects: HIPerSpace

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Project Name HIPerSpace-OptIPortal
Team Members Falko Kuester, Kai-Uwe Doerr, So Yamaoka, Jason Kimball, Kevin Ponto, Tom Wypych, Daniel Knoblauch, Tom DeFanti, Greg Dawe, and Larry Smarr
Project Sponsor California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2), The Jacobs School of Engineering (JSoE), National Science Foundation (NSF), National Institutes of Health (NIH)

teaser1Description

Contents

Overview

The Highly Interactive Parallelized Display Space project (HIPerSpace) is brought to you by the creators of HIPerWall. HIPerSpace is the next generation concept for ultra-high resolution distributed display systems that can scale into the billions of pixels, providing unprecedented high-capacity visualization capabilities to experimental and theoretical researchers. HIPerSpace has held the distinction of the "World's Highest Resolution Display" since it was first introduced in 2006, taking the top spot previously held by HIPerWall, which held it since 2005. HIPerSpace has served as the baseline system for nearly all OptIPortals that have been deployed since the end of 2006, i.e. it is the godfather of most high-resolution multi-tile walls that have emerged recently, most of which are being developed as nearly identical carbon copies. HIPerSpace is being powered by our cluster graphics library and cluster management framework, called CGLX.

System Specifications

By the Numbers

  • Number of tiles: 70 (fully supported in networked configuration)
  • Display resolution: 35,840 x 8,000 pixels, 286,720,000 pixels total
  • Number of display nodes: 18
  • Control and development nodes: 3
  • HIPerWall connectivity: 491,520,000 pixels resolution in distributed configuration

Hardware:

  • 18 Dell XPS710 with nVIDIA Quadro FX5600s
  • 72 Dell 3007WFP-HC, 30” Displays
  • 2 24-port SMC switches with 10Gb uplink

Operating System

  • ROCKS/Linux

Middleware

The Highest Resolution Multi-Tile Displays

  • OptIPresence: 315,648,000 pixels (Calit2, UC San Diego)
  • Stallion: 307,200,00 (TACC, University of Texas at Austin)
  • HIPerSpace: 286,720,00 pixels (Calit2, UC San Diego)
  • hyperwall-2: 256,000,000 pixels (NASA)
  • HIPerWall: 204,800,000 pixels (Calit2, UC Irvine - developed by our group as well)
  • LambdaVision:125,000,000 pixels (Calit2, UC San Diego)
  • OziPortal: 81,920,000 pixels (University of Melbourne)

Do you know about other top contenders? Please email us a reference.

The Top Resolution Distributed Multi-Tile Displays

Acknowledgments

This research is supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2), and the Jacobs School of Engineering (JSoE).

Frequently Asked QuestIons

How do i get one?
HIPerSpace and its CGLX middleware are the baseline for most major multi-tile display systems that have been deployed over the past year. That said, if you want to build your own version, we have resources in place that will help you to do so for academic environments. If you want to buy a fully integrated and functional system outright, we can facilitate this as well. Please contact Prof. Kuester or Dr. Kai-Uwe Doerr for details.

Are you Interested in Research Collaborations?
Absolutely. We are always searching for new and exciting challenges and always happy to contribute to collaborative research proposals.

Why LCDs and not Projectors?

HIPerSpace and its predecessor HIPerWall are an approximation of next generation digital wall paper that we expect to see in the very near future. Our focus is on providing the fundamental algorithms, middleware and techniques needed to drive these systems and interact with them. With this in mind, there are a couple of key considerations in respect to longevity, brightness, heat signature, noise emissions, energy consumption and physical dimensions that have to be taken into account.

Advantages:

  • generally higher pixel density (DPI)
    • 20/20 vision is the name of the game
  • smaller physical footprint
    • no throw distance issues
    • no issues with front vs rear-projection
  • smaller energy footprint
  • smaller heat signature
  • no noise emission
  • better contrast
  • easy to scale (one advantage of hard edges)

Disadvantages:

  • bezels (the first prototypes of OLEDs are out that address this complaint)
  • not suitable for active or passive stereo display (can use a barrier type approach though for auto-stereo)

Publications

  • DeFanti, T.A., Leigh, J., Renambot, L., Jeong, B., Verlo, A., Long, L., Brown, M., Sandin, D.J., Vishwanath, V., Liu, Q., Katz, M.J., Papadopoulos, P., Keefe, J.P., Hidley, G.R., Dawe, G., Kaufman, I., Glogowski, B., Doerr, K.U., Singh, R., Girado, J., Schulze, J.P., Kuester F., and Smarr, L. (2009). The OptIPortal, a Scalable Visualization, Storage, and Computing Interface Device for the OptiPuter. To appear in Future Generation Computer Systems, Volume 25(2), Elsevier, February 2009, pp. 114-123. (pdf)

Media Coverage

Related Resarch Projects

External Links

Copyright

This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by the author's copyright. This work may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.


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